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Allergies in Dogs

Just like us, our canine companions can suffer from allergies. Allergies occur when a dogs' immune system mistakenly recognizes certain substances as intrusive and dangerous. In dogs, the most common types of allergic reactions are from inhaled substances and ingredients in food.
Causes
Multiple substances can cause allergies in dogs. Inhaled substance, including pollen, dirt, dust, mold, dander, smoke, chemical sprays, air freshners and even perfumes. A chemical in flea saliva can also cause reactions. Those are known as a flea allergy. Ingredients in dog food such as, pork, lamb, soy, beef, or chicken can also cause a dogs' system to react adversely.
Symptoms
  • Intense Itching
  • Scratching
  • Licking
  • Red, runny eyes
  • Inflamed skin
  • Snoring noises causes by an irritated throat
  • Sneezing
  • Chewing at paws
  • Vomiting and Diarrhea (especially in a food allergy)
  • Bald patches
  • Hair Loss
  • Scabs
Treatment
Most often simply removing the allergen source from your dog's envoriment is an easy and effective way to control the problem. If the substance your dog is reacting to is in the air, take steps to eliminate it by dusting your home, using air filters, vacuuming on a daily basis and bathing your dog with prescription shampoo. Put your dog on a flea treatment and prevenative to prevent flea bites. If the allergy is coming from your dog's food, you'll need to implement a food trial with the help of your veterinarian. Involving trying out different foods to determine what your dog reacts to. Then, you will be able to choose a diet without the offending ingredient. ANother way to treat canine allergies is with antihistamines and corticosteroids. Anthistamines block histamines (agents that cause itching) from being produced by your dog's immune system. Corticosteroids suppress your dog's response to the allergen. A third option involves desensitizing a dog to an allergen over time. First, the offening allergen will need to be identified. Next, mixtures of this alleren will be made and injected into your dog at various intervals. Over a periof of time. your dogs's system will learn not to react as severly to the substance, in return controlling the allergy sy,ptoms. If you suspect your dog may be suffering from allergies, let your veterinarian know right away. Working together, you will be able to determine what your dog is reacting to and how to most efectively treat the allergy.